Intestinal Health Problems in Broilers: Causes, Effects and Solutions

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Author : Rota
Update time : 2024-05-20 13:10:47

Intestinal Health Problems in Broilers: Causes, Effects and Solutions

 

Picture from MKULIMATODAY.COM

Gut health is one of the most pressing issues in broiler production

The broiler industry plays an important role in meeting the growing global demand for meat. Broilers are raised for their efficient meat production, which is particularly important in countries with low food self-sufficiency. Ensuring the gut health of broilers and their overall health is critical to animal welfare and industry profitability. One of the most pressing problem in poultry production is still the intestinal health, had a profound impact on poultry intestinal health.

 

Main reasons

1. Dietary factor

Nutrition plays a key role in the intestinal health of broilers.Improper formulation of diets, poor quality of feed ingredients, or imbalance of nutrient levels can lead to digestive problems. For example, excess protein has been shown to be associated with decreased levels of gut health.

 

2.Imbalance of microorganisms

The gut of broilers is a complex microbial community.The imbalance of the biota can disrupt the digestive process. The use of antibiotics in feed to promote growth or prevent disease changes this delicate balance, potentially leading to antibiotic resistance and gut health problems.

 

3. Stress Factor

Broiler chickens often suffer stress on farms, including overcrowding, sudden changes in transport and environmental conditions. Stress weakens the immune system of chickens, increasing their risk of intestinal and other diseases.

 

4. Pathogen

Bacterial infections, such as Clostridium perfringens and Escherichia coli, as well as protozoan parasites, such as Eimeria, can cause serious intestinal health problems. These pathogens can proliferate under certain conditions, causing diseases such as necrotizing enteritis and coccidiosis.

 

Major influence

1. Decreased growth and productivity

Intestinal health issues can lead to poor nutrient absorption and reduced feed efficiency in chickens, resulting in slower growth rates and decreased overall productivity, which will have a direct impact on the economics of broiler farming.

 

2. Increased mortality

Severe intestinal health problems can lead to high mortality rates and significant economic losses for broiler producers.In addition, increasing the use of antibiotics to combat infections may promote the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains, while the use of antibiotics to prevent and treat diseases also increases production costs.

 

3.Quality and safety issues

Poor intestinal health affects the quality and safety of broiler meat. This can lead to a "chewy" taste, white streaks and even salmonella contamination in the breast, which can negatively affect the taste, appearance and safety of the chicken and reduce its market value.

 

4. Animal welfare

Gut health issues can cause discomfort for broilers and affect their well-being, and ethical issues related to animal suffering can lead to a public backlash and stricter regulation.

 

 

Solution

1. Proper nutrition

Ensuring a balanced diet with optimal nutrient levels remains critical.Nutritionists and veterinarians should work together to develop diets and feeding regimens to promote intestinal health and maximize performance in chickens.

 

2. Prebiotics and probiotics

These beneficial bacteria (probiotics) and compounds (prebiotics) help maintain a healthy gut microbiota. The addition of prebiotics and probiotics to feed can promote intestinal health and digestion, and of course all other new biological additives.

 

3. Management Measure

Implementing appropriate farm management measures, such as reducing overcrowding, improving ventilation and minimizing stress factors, can improve the overall health of broilers. In addition, occasionally invite experts to observe and guide the chicken farm, which is of great benefit to find problems in management.

 

4. Alternative growth promoters

Natural growth promoters can be explored to replace growth-promoting antibiotics in feed, such as bioactive peptides, enzymes, organic acids, etc., to alleviate intestinal health problems. Such as Epidermal Growth Factor, it can promote intestinal development and repair of intestinal epithelial tissue damage, promote the completion and perfection of intestinal structure and function, significantly improve intestinal digestion and absorption function and enhance intestinal mucosal barrier.

 

5. Vaccination and immunity boost

Preventing infection through vaccination and improving immunity can greatly reduce the intestinal health risks caused by certain pathogens. The motto "prevention is better than cure" is still valid today, such as Defensin, which has the ability to regulate animal immunity, maintain microbiota balance, promote the healthy development of animal intestines, and reduce the rate of diarrhea. It can also be used in combination with antibiotics to produce better results. 

 

Conclusion

The intestinal health problems of broilers are multifaceted and can have a serious impact on the poultry industry and consumers. Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive approach that includes proper nutrition, management practices, and the correct use of antibiotics and other additives. By prioritizing gut health, broiler producers can improve the overall health and performance of their flocks while meeting the growing demand for safe and sustainable poultry meat.


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